SS-31 is a synthetic peptide with potential therapeutic benefits for various medical conditions. It is also known as Bendavia or MTP-131.
SS-31 is a mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant, meaning that it specifically targets and protects the mitochondria in cells from oxidative damage. Mitochondria are the powerhouses of cells, responsible for producing energy for cellular functions. They are also involved in many other important processes, such as cell signaling, cell growth and differentiation, and cell death.
The protective effects of SS-31 on mitochondria have been shown to have potential benefits for a wide range of medical conditions that involve mitochondrial dysfunction, including neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, and cancer. Some studies suggest that SS-31 may also have anti-aging effects by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation, two key factors that contribute to aging and age-related diseases.
NAD (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide) is a coenzyme essential for many biological processes in the human body. It plays a key role in cellular metabolism, energy production, DNA repair, and gene expression, among other functions.
There are two main forms of NAD: NAD+ and NADH. NAD+ is an oxidized NAD that accepts electrons during metabolic reactions, while NADH is a reduced form that donates electrons. The balance between NAD+ and NADH is crucial for maintaining optimal cellular function, and imbalances can contribute to various health problems.
NAD+ levels naturally decline with age, which has led to interest in using NAD+ supplementation as a potential anti-aging strategy.
Research on the potential health benefits of NAD+ supplementation is still in the early stages. Still, some studies suggest that it may have potential therapeutic applications for various conditions, including age-related diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity, and cardiovascular disease.
GHK-CU, also known as a copper peptide, is a naturally occurring tripeptide (composed of three amino acids) that has been shown to have various potential therapeutic benefits when used in skincare products or as an injectable therapy.
GHK-Cu has been found to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It may also play a role in collagen production and wound healing in the skin, intestines, and hair follicles.
GHK-Cu is an injectable therapy for various medical conditions, including skin rejuvenation, wound healing, and hair regrowth.
MOTS-C is a recently discovered peptide and is believed to have potential health benefits when used as an injectable therapy. Here are some of the potential benefits of MOTS-C injection:
- Improved metabolism: MOTS-C has been shown to activate the AMPK pathway, which is involved in cellular energy metabolism. This may help improve insulin sensitivity, glucose uptake, and fat metabolism, which could have potential benefits for conditions such as diabetes and obesity.
- Anti-aging effects: MOTS-C has been shown to have potential anti-aging effects by improving mitochondrial function and reducing oxidative stress. This may help protect against age-related diseases and promote healthy aging.
- Improved exercise performance: Some studies suggest that MOTS-C may improve muscle strength and endurance. This may be due to its effects on mitochondrial function and metabolism.
- Potential neuroprotective effects: MOTS-C has been shown to have potential neuroprotective effects by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress in the brain. This may have potential benefits for conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
Glutathione is a naturally occurring antioxidant that is crucial in various bodily processes. Some of the potential benefits of glutathione include:
- Antioxidant properties: Glutathione is a potent antioxidant that helps to protect the body against oxidative stress caused by free radicals. This can help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease.
- Immune system support: Glutathione helps boost the immune system by enhancing the production of white blood cells, essential for fighting off infections.
- Skin health: Glutathione has been shown to have skin-lightening properties and may help to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation, age spots, and other skin discolorations.
- Detoxification: Glutathione helps detoxify the body by binding to toxins and heavy metals and helping to eliminate them.
- Anti-aging effects: Glutathione may help slow the aging process by reducing the damage caused by free radicals and promoting healthy cellular function.
Epitalon is a synthetic peptide consisting of four amino acids (Ala-Glu-Asp-Gly). It has been the subject of research into potential anti-aging and health benefits. Here are some of the potential benefits of epithalon:
- Anti-aging effects: Epithalon has been shown to have potential anti-aging effects by lengthening telomeres, which are protective caps on the ends of chromosomes that shorten as we age. By lengthening telomeres, epithalon may help slow aging and reduce the risk of age-related diseases.
- Improved immune function: Epithalon has been shown to improve immune function by increasing the activity of natural killer cells, which are white blood cells that play an important role in the immune response. This may have potential benefits for conditions such as viral infections and cancer.
- Potential cancer prevention: Some studies suggest that epithalon may have potential cancer-preventive effects by inhibiting the growth of cancer cells and promoting apoptosis (cell death) of cancer cells.
- Improved sleep: Epithalon has been shown to improve sleep quality by increasing levels of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep-wake cycles. This may have potential benefits for conditions such as insomnia and sleep disorders.